401k Contribution Limits in 2018
On October 19, 2017 the Internal Revenue Service announced cost of living adjustments affecting dollar limitations for pension plans and other retirement-related items for tax year 2018. This news means the contribution limit for employees who participate in 401(k), 403(b), most 457 plans, and the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) is increased from $18,000 to $18,500. However, the catch-up contribution limit for those age 50 and over remains at $6,000. So if you are 50 or over, you may contribute up to $24,500 towards your 401(k) in 2018.
Roth IRA and Traditional IRA Contribution Limits in 2018
In 2018 both the Traditional IRA and Roth IRA contribution limits will remain flat at only $5,500 for those younger than age 50, and $6,500 for those who are 50 or older. That’s the same limit that’s been in place since 2013. From 2008 to 2012 the IRA contribution limit was $5,000.
2018 Traditional IRA and Roth IRA Eligibility
The income ranges for determining eligibility to make deductible contributions to traditional Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs), to contribute to Roth IRAs and to claim the saver’s credit all increased for 2018.
2018 Traditional IRA Eligibility
Taxpayers can deduct contributions to a traditional IRA if they meet certain conditions. If during the year either the taxpayer or their spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, the deduction may be reduced, or phased out, until it is eliminated, depending on filing status and income. (If neither the taxpayer nor their spouse is covered by a retirement plan at work, the phase-outs of the deduction do not apply.)
- For single taxpayers covered by a workplace retirement plan, the phase-out range is $63,000 to $73,000, up from $62,000 to $72,000.
- For married couples filing jointly, where the spouse making the IRA contribution is covered by a workplace retirement plan, the phase-out range is $101,000 to $121,000, up from $99,000 to $119,000.
- For an IRA contributor who is not covered by a workplace retirement plan and is married to someone who is covered, the deduction is phased out if the couple’s income is between $189,000 and $199,000, up from $186,000 and $196,000.
- For a married individual filing a separate return who is covered by a workplace retirement plan, the phase-out range is not subject to an annual cost-of-living adjustment and remains $0 to $10,000.
2018 Roth IRA Eligibility
The income phase-out range for taxpayers making contributions to a Roth IRA in 2018 is $120,000 to $135,000 for singles and heads of household, up from $118,000 to $133,000 in 2017. For married couples filing jointly, the income phase-out range is $189,000 to $199,000, up from $186,000 to $196,000. The phase-out range for a married individual filing a separate return who makes contributions to a Roth IRA is not subject to an annual cost-of-living adjustment and remains $0 to $10,000.